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Статьи 2023 г.

Ключевые слова:
осадки, сток, речные бассейны, водосборные бассейны, высотная зональность ландшафта, Западный Саян
Страницы:
26–40

Реферат

УДК 581.151 (571.1/5)

Burenina T. A.1, Fedotova E. V.1, Zang C. F.2 Altitudinal-belt variability of evapotranspiration of forest ecosystems in the mountains of Southern Siberia (Буренина Т. А.1, Федотова Е. В.1, Занг Ч. Ф.2 Высотно-поясная изменчивость эвапотранспирации лесных экосистем в горах Южной Сибири) // Сибирский лесной журнал. 2023. № 4. С. 26–40 (на английском языке, реферат на русском).

DOI: 10.15372/SJFS20230403

© Буренина Т. А., Федотова Е. В., Занг Ч. Ф., 2023

Статья посвящена изучению эвапотранспирации в ландшафтных комплексах северного макросклона Западного Саяна. В работе обобщены литературные и авторские данные по эвапотранспирации полученные на экспериментальных водосборах в бассейне р. Малый Кебеж, на одном из которых в 70-е годы в качестве эксперимента 50% площади водосбора было пройдено рубкой. Выполнены расчеты суммарного испарения фитоценозов на бассейновом уровне с учетом высотной поясности. Для расчета эвапотранспирации на объектах исследования были использованы натурные данные, полученные в результате лесоводственных и геоботанических исследований и гидрологических наблюдений. На основе дешифрирования космических снимков и использования цифровых моделей рельефа проведена классификация ландшафтно-гидрологических комплексов для бассейнов рек Кебеж и Тайгиш, для которых рассчитаны составляющие эвапотранспирации. Результаты показали, что эвапотранспирация в темнохвойной тайге Западного Саяна является важной составляющей водного баланса и значительную долю составляет непроизводительный расход влаги на испарение осадков, перехватываемых кронами деревьев. Установлено также, что структура эвапотранспирации изменяется по высотным поясам в соответствии с вертикальной дифференциацией климатических параметров и продуктивности растительности. Расчетные данные эвапотранспирации для различных ландшафтно-гидрологических комплексов позволили косвенно оценить их вклад в формирование стока речных бассейнов. Это исследование может служить теоретическим ориентиром для ландшафтно-гидрологических исследований в умеренно-холодной зоне.

Текст статьи


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