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Статьи 2022 г.

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Ключевые слова:
термогравиметрия, дифференциальная сканирующая калориметрия, аналитический пиролиз, оценка изменения химического состава ископаемой древесины, таксодиум двурядный (Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.), западная Венгрия
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56–69

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УДК 630*813

Shapchenkova O. A.1, Loskutov S. R.1, Plyashechnik M. A.1, Pásztory Z.2 Thermal analysis and pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of fossil wood from the locality of Bükkábrány, Hungary (Шапченкова О. А.1, Лоскутов С. Р.1, Пляшечник М. А.1, Пастори З.2 Термический анализ и пиролитическая газовая хромато-масс-спектрометрия ископаемой древесины из местности Бюккабрани, Венгрия) // Сибирский лесной журнал. 2022. № 5. С. 56–69 (на английском языке, реферат на русском).

DOI: 10.15372/SJFS20220505

© Шапченкова О. А., Лоскутов С. Р., Пляшечник М. А., Пастори З., 2022

Ископаемая древесина возрастом около 7 миллионов лет из Бюккабрани (Венгрия) была проанализирована с помощью термогравиметрии (ТГ), дифференциальной сканирующей калориметрии (ДСК) и пиролитической газовой хромато-масс-спектрометрии (Пи-ГХ/МС) для оценки изменения ее химического состава. В качестве контроля был взят образец древесины таксодиума двурядного (болотного кипариса обыкновенного) (Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.) из западной Венгрии. Ископаемая древесина характеризовалась более высоким содержанием общего углерода (58.05 %) и общего азота (0.44 %) по сравнению с современной древесиной. ТГ ископаемой древесины показали высокую неоднородность древесного вещества, значительную потерю полисахаридов и обогащение лигнином, включая более термостабильные компоненты (> 500 °C). Изменение энтальпии (∆H) сгорания (термоокисления) ископаемой древесины было значительно больше, чем современной древесины (-18.17 кДж/г против -11.41 кДж/г). Пи-ГХ/МС ископаемой древесины показала значительное уменьшение продуктов пиролиза полисахаридов и увеличение продуктов пиролиза лигнина по сравнению с современной древесиной. Пиролитическое отношение H/L свидетельствует о преимущественной потере полисахаридов в ископаемой древесине. Продукты пиролиза полисахаридов встречались редко и были представлены в основном левоглюкозаном. Лигнин также претерпел существенные изменения. Резкое уменьшение доли мономеров, увеличение доли соединений с короткой боковой цепью и присутствие деметилированных/деметоксилированных соединений в составе продуктов пиролиза лигнина указывает на изменение (деградацию) лигнина. Кроме того, отмечено высокое содержание стирола, крезолов, фенола и фенольных соединений.

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